Axis and Allied Power

Home Fronts During WWII



Mobilization

During World War II, the goal of the Allied powers was to defeat the Axis powers. To achieve this, the Allied powers were going to have to mobilize. In the United States, drastic measures were being taken to assist the amy. Factories converted to creating everything from machine guns to boots, and tanks were even being made in car factories. The manufacturers knew what they were doing because fighting this war required complete use of all factories and resources (Beck 509). Surprisingly enough, women were the main factory workers at this time period, helping to make weapons and a number of other items while the men were at war (Beck 509). Due to the fact that so many people were focusing solely on the war effort, many faced shortages of consumer goods at home (Beck 509). Another tactic to achieve mobilization was through propaganda. People were persuaded to support the war, by either donating to the war effort or entering the armed forces. While citizens in the United States were busy contributing to the war, the government was rationing (Beck 109) items insufficient not only in the US, but in European countries as well.

War Limits Civil Rights

Propaganda may have seemed like a good idea at the time, but it also had a negative effect. After the event at Pearl Harbor, a stream of prejudice came about in the United Stated against Japanese Americans. Japanese Americans faced prejudice and racism during this time period. All of a sudden, they were seen as "the enemy" in the eye of the Americans. In 1942, Roosevelt was the president and he distributed the Japanese Americans into relocation camps as punishment (Beck 509).

Axis Powers Home Fronts

The Axis Powers faced just as many shortages and issues as the Allied Powers on the home front. These powers included Germany, Japan, and Italy. People on the home fronts of the Axis powers suffered from shortages of things like meat, sugar, tires, gas, nylon stockings, and laundry soap (Beck 509). Although it didn't seem like much, civilians were suffering much more in the long run. They were expected to contribute to and support the war effort by joining troops, rationing, and making the necessities needed at this time period (Beck 509).
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Propaganda posters were put up everywhere to motivate people to contribute to the war.



Propaganda: Allied vs. Axis
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"Uncle Sam" posters were a popular form of propaganda to get citizens to join the army.
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A common form of propaganda was convincing citizens to buy victory bonds for the war.

On the Allied Home Front, propaganda was aimed for people to support troops and prevent prejudice in their area. However, on the Axis Home Front, the propaganda aimed to show people just how awful they thought the Allied powers were.

Women and the War


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"Rosie the Riveter" was a propaganda poster that encouraged women to enter the workforce.

During World War II, Women made a tremendous contribution to the war effort (Beck 509). They held jobs in factories, and a majority of women had jobs in the
war industry (Beck, 509) Click here to view a women and the war video(click on the women's army auxillary corps video below). Over six million women worked in factories, three million women assisted with the Red Cross, and over 200,000 women joined the military and helped fight the war. Rosie the Riveter motivated women to help in factories and on the home front while men were at war. Without women helping on the home front, the war would have been much more difficult to win.











Works Cited


Beck, Roger et al. Modern World History. Evanston: McDougal Littell, 2005.
“Pictures of Uncle Sam.” Son of the South 2008: May 6, 2011.
“Rosie the Riveter: Women Working During World War II.” NPS. May 8, 2011.
“Womens Auxiliary Corps.” History 2011: 1. May 9, 2011.
“World War II Posters.” History 2011: 1-16. May 9, 2011.
“WWII: Intense Propaganda Posters.” Life 2010: 1-8. May 6, 2011.